In this review paper, the International Mussel Watch Program
(IMWP) in the monitoring of toxic chemicals such as heavy metals
in the coastal waters is highlighted. Briefly, the IMWP is initiated by
Goldberg (1975) with an aim to monitor the chemical contaminants in
the coastal waters. The use of Mussel Watch approach for the monitoring
of chemical pollutants in the coastal waters has been conducted in many
countries around the world such as USA (Apeti et al., 2010; Edwards
et al., 2014) [1,2] Turkey (Belivermis et al.¸ 2016) , China (Fung
et al., 2004) , India (Sasikumar et al., 2006) , Hong Kong (Fang
et al., 2008) , Croatia (Bogdanovic et al., 2014) , South-east England
(Bray et al., 2015) , Libya (Galgani et al., 2014)  and Philippines
(Dumalagan et al., 2010) . The aim of this review paper is to discuss
the significance of Human Health Risk Assessments (HHRA) of
chemical pollutants from the Mussel Watch monitoring data.
Author : Chee Kong Yap
Title : From Mussel Watch Monitoring to Health Risk Assessment: A Public Health Concern
Volume/Issue : 1;1
Page No :
In France nowadays, public managers are free to promote almost whoever they like, or love. Though at times unscrupulous managers may be hindered by the fact that, before they can be promoted, their friends, or relatives, or serfs, have to pass examinations, and obtain diplomas, the “cleverest” public managers somehow even manage to find ways around that problem
Keywords : Allocation of Health Care Resources; Applied and Professional Ethics; Competence/incompetence; Distributive Justice; Education for Health Care Professionals
Author : Joseph Watine
Title : Meritocracy to Mediocracy: Shifting the Focus of French Laboratory Medicine Appointments
Volume/Issue : 1;1
Page No :
Introduction: The reasons physicians decide to pursue formal
training in Public Health (PH) are varied and often uniquely personal.
The Institute of Medicine has emphasized the importance of training
medical providers in PH. Few studies have examined the impact of
obtaining a public health degree on physician careers. The purpose of
this investigation is to identify reasons physicians pursue a PH degree.
Methods: This qualitative key informant interview study
(2016‐2017) included individuals from Society of Teachers of Family
Medicine (STFM) group on Public Health and the Association of State
and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) with a medical degree and a
Results: After interviewing 15 individuals (participation rate 42%),
we analyzed the data to identify patterns in behaviors and attitudes. We
found that positive mentors are very influential. A prominent reason of
attaining a PH degree was to expanded perspective on health care.
Conclusion: Overall, a PH degree can have a powerfully positive
impact on a physician’s career, influencing the character and caliber of
the care delivered. This investigation can help individuals considering,
or advising those who might consider the pursuit of PH education.
Author : Jessica L Jones
Title : What do Physicians do with their Public Health Degrees?