Review Article

Intimate Partner Violence in Spain: Medical and Legal Aspects

Author: Arroyo A

Intimate partner violence threatens the health and safety of women worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that it affects one third of women at some point in their lives and declared domestic violence an international priority for health services. Aim: Evaluate the data published by official organizations in Spain regarding to domestic violence and intimate partner violence. Methods: The data published in Spain by National Institute of Statistics have been consulted. Recorded data on domestic violence and IPV are published every year. Results: the results cover matters (with precautionary measures taken) entered in the register during the year of reference (2014-2016). From 2015, information on final sentences handed down in the year of reference and on victims and accused, as well as on offenses and precautionary measures, has also been published. Some studies on the medical and psychological repercussions of IPV are reported and show the health effects on affected people. The data in our country indicate that complaints due to IPV are much greater than those of domestic violence. There has been a change in the situation of the IPV with a decrease in the number of victims and complaints, and the introduction of procedures instituted for this reason. The number of summary offenses has decreased as a result of their repeal, while many of them are now considered crimes. Even so, this decrease is slight compared to the numerous measures and detection and prevention policies established in Spain to prevent them. Likewise, mortality due to intimate partner violence is also dropping slowly, although a rise has been observed in some years. A community effort is required to address the causes of intimate partner violence and domestic violence and create viable solutions that will improve the situation.