Meritocracy to Mediocracy: Shifting the Focus of French Laboratory Medicine Appointments

Author: Joseph Watine

In France nowadays, public managers are free to promote almost whoever they like, or love. Though at times unscrupulous managers may be hindered by the fact that, before they can be promoted, their friends, or relatives, or serfs, have to pass examinations, and obtain diplomas, the “cleverest” public managers somehow even manage to find ways around that problem